Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)


Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a form of talking therapy that focuses on changing the way we think and behave to help us to feel better. It suggests that we can get caught in a vicious cycle of unhelpful thinking and behaviours that ultimately act to maintain and worsen how we feel. CBT has a strong evidence base and has been shown to help with a variety of issues; including anxiety, depression, PTSD, bipolar disorder, OCD and a range of other psychological difficulties. It is primarily used at Spectra Psychology Scotland for difficulties such as social anxiety, health related anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder and phobias.

CBT is typically a short-term approach, is structured and problem focused. It requires the completion of homework tasks out with sessions such as relaxation practice, completion of diaries and other monitoring forms and behavioural experiments/exposure tasks. An important part of CBT is the development of a collaborative formulation; which maps out how your difficulties may have developed, and how they might have been maintained over time. Please see the video below for more information regarding this approach.(Source: